Employment law

What types of jobs are there in Germany?

A full-time job usually comprises 40 hours a week.

Alternatively, there are also part-time jobs with fewer hours

In some companies, nights and shift work are also common.

What working hours are common in Germany?

An employee may work a maximum of 48 hours per week.

The working hours usually refer only to the working days from Monday to Saturday.

For some industries, there are exceptions so Sundays and bank holidays may also be worked (e.g. catering, healthcare).

What holiday leave am I entitled to?

If you work 5 days a week, you are entitled to at least 20 days’ holiday a year.

Some employers give their employees more holiday days a year.

What are my rights in case of illness?

You must notify your employer if you are unable to work due to illness.

In addition, you must also provide your employer with a sick note from your doctor. If you present a doctor’s note, your employer is obliged to continue to pay you your salary for 6 weeks.

After that, you will receive sick pay at 70% of your income from statutory health insurance instead.

What does the Employment Protection Act comprise?

The Employment Protection Act is intended to protect employees against unfair dismissals on social grounds. It only applies in companies with more than 10 employees and if you have had a contract for more than 6 months. Pregnant women, mothers up to 4 months after childbirth, persons on parental leave and the severely disabled are given special protection under this Act.

Notice of termination must always be given in writing at least 4 weeks to the end of the month before leaving the company by the employee or the employer.

The longer you have been with the company, the longer the period of notice your employer must give.

After 2 years, it is 1 month

After 5 years, it is 2 months

After 8 years, it is 3 months

After 10 years, it is 4 months

After 12 years, it is 5 months

After 15 years, it is 6 months

After 20 years, it is 7 months